- Harvard prof. takes down gender wage gap myth
I think its time to do a full post on the wage gap, fully explained and sourced. OK.
Top Five Jobs Women Take:
- Secretaries and administrative assistants
- Registered nurses
- Elementary and middle school teachers
- Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides
- Law Enforcement
- $50,220 X
- $67,930 X
- E: $51,380 X  M: $51,960 X
- $20,370 X
- N: $24,010 X  P:$26,880 X  HH: $20,170 X
Occupational hazards of women’s top jobs:
- Secretaries and administrative assistants X
- Muscle strain from lifting phones and typing
- Risk of stapling
- Working in a cold office increases muscle tension and encourages poor working posture as you huddle trying to stay warm.
- Registered nurses X
- Can be exposed to contagious and infectious diseases
- Can come into contact with chemicals
- violence at work
- Elementary and middle school teachers X
- Bacterial and viral infections
- Threatened with injury
- Repetitive stress injuries
- Mental stress
- Cashiers X
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Back pain
- Swollen feet
- Leg pain
- Normal exposure to colds and flu
- Shoulder and neck pain
- Sleep problems (if working the night shift)
- Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides
- Construction X
- Falls from working at height,
- Crush injuries in excavation work,
- Slips and trips,
- Being struck by falling objects,
- Moving heavy loads,
- Bad working positions, often in confined spaces,
- Being struck or crushed by a workplace vehicle,
- Receiving injuries from hand tools,
- Inhalation of dust,
- Handling of rough materials,
- Exposure to dangerous substances (chemical and biological),
- Working near, in, or over water,
- Exposure to radiation,
- Loud noise,
- Vibration from tools or vibrating machinery.
- Engineering X
- The Operation of Plant Regulations and Approvals
- The Operation of Conveyors and Bulk Materials Handling Systems
- The Operation of Winding and Lifting Plan
- The Safe Operation of Mobile Plant
- The Failure of Structures
- Inadequate Operator Protection on Mobile Plant
- Contact with Moving or Rotating Plant
- Safe Access to Mechanical Plant and Structures
- Inadequate Energy Dissipation and Isolation
- The use of Fluid Power Systems
- Circumstances Leading to Uncontrolled Fires
- The Ignition of Flammable and Explosive Substances
- Fire and/or Explosion Initiated by Plant in or Near Hazardous Zones or Hazardous Areas
- The Handling, Transportation and use of Dangerous Goods
- Exposure to Hazardous and Toxic Substances
- Exposure to Noise, Vibration and Temperature
- The use of Cutting and Welding Equipment
- Working in Confined Spaces and Restricted Areas
- Police Officer X
- Possibility of attack
- Physically taxing tasks
- Stresses of being exposed to negative events in the lives of others
- Auto accidents while on duty either pursuing a suspect
- Risk of being shot at or stabbed
- Firemen X
- Damage to lungs from smoke
- Physical strain
- Electricians X
- Exposure to lead, solvents, solder, and other toxic materials.
- Risk of electrical burns and fatal electrical shock.
- Increased risks of injury from working in confined spaces.
- Exposure to toxic welding fumes and ultraviolet radiation.
- Exposure to extreme temperatures with attendant risks of frostbite and heat stress.
- Injury from work in awkward positions, repetitive manual tasks, and lifting heavy objects.
- Exposure to toxic molds, fungi, and bacteria.
- Risk of infections and diseases from exposure to bird or rodent droppings.
- Risks of falling from working at heights.
- Risk of eye injury from flying particles.
- Injuries from slips, trips and falls.
- Injuries from working with hand tools, power tools and equipment.
- Stress and risk of increased injury from shift work or extended work days.
- Exposure to asbestos with attendant risks of cancer and lung disease.
As you can see, the jobs men take more often have a high risk of death and serious mental stress. The jobs that women take more often have a low risk of death and have instead minors risks such as body aches and disease. From the top five jobs by gender, you can see women tend to take safer jobs while men tend to take more dangerous jobs. The danger of those jobs must be taken into account and the people working in those dangerous jobs must be compensated.
The wage gap you hear about is an average of the entire nation. It does not represent a man and a woman in the same job field. It represents every single man and every single women in the USA. That is why it is called average. As you can see, women tend to take lower paying jobs while men tend to take higher paying jobs.